Allan Ramsay - Publications

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Books & Conference Proceedings

  1. A. M. Ramsay and G. Agre, editors. Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications - 15th International Conference, AIMSA, 2012, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-15, 2012. Proceedings, volume 7557 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2012. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-33184-8. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33185-5. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33185-5.

  2. A. Ramsay and K. Bontcheva, editors. COLING, 2008, 22nd International Conference on Computational Linguistics, Demo Proceedings, 18-22 August 2008, Manchester, UK, 2008.

  3. A. M. Ramsay, editor. Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications VII (AIMSA-8), Amsterdam, 1996b. IOS Press.

  4. D. Hogg, G. Humphreys, A. M. Ramsay, and A. Sloman, editors. Prospects for Artificial Intelligence, (proceedings of AISB-93), Amsterdam, 1993. IOS Press.

  5. A. M. Ramsay. The Logical Structure of E,nglish: Computing Semantic Content. Pitman, London, 1990b.

  6. A. M. Ramsay. Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence,. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1988.

  7. A. M. Ramsay and M. R. Barrett. AI, in Practice: programming examples in POP-11. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1986.

  8. A. M. Ramsay, M. R. Barrett, and A. Sloman. POP-11,: a practical language for artificial intelligence. Ellis Horwood, Chichester, 1985.

Journal and Conference Papers

  1. A. M. Ramsay and A. Alshahrani. Constrained permutations for computing textual similarity. In Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications - 18th International Conference, AIMSA, 2018, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-14, 2018, Proceedings, pages 83--92, 2018. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99344-7_8. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99344-7_8.

  2. T. Ahmad, A. M. Ramsay, and H. Ahmed. Explorations in sentiment mining for Arabic and English tweets. In Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications - 18th International Conference, AIMSA, 2018, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-14, 2018, Proceedings, pages 16--24, 2018b. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-99344-7_2. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-99344-7_2.

  3. T. Ahmad, A. Ramsay, and H. Ahmed. CENTEMENT at SemEval-2018 task 1: Classification of tweets using multiple thresholds with self-correction and weighted conditional probabilities. In Proceedings of The 12th International Workshop on Semantic Evaluation, SemEval@NAACL-HLT, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 5-6, 2018, pages 200--204, 2018a. https://aclanthology.info/papers/S18-1030/s18-1030.

  4. M. El-Masri, N. Altrabsheh, H. Mansour, and A. Ramsay. A web-based tool for arabic sentiment analysis. In Third International Conference On Arabic Computational Linguistics, ACLING, 2017, November 5-6, 2017, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, pages 38--45, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2017.10.092. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2017.10.092.

  5. I. Alsharhan and A. M. Ramsay. Improved Arabic speech recognition system through the automatic generation of fine-grained phonetic transcriptions. Information Processing and Management, 2017.

  6. A. Almiman and A. M. Ramsay. A hybrid system to apply natural language inference over dependency trees. In Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP, 2017, Varna, Bulgaria, September 2 - 8, 2017, pages 64--70, 2017b. doi: 10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_010. https://doi.org/10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_010.

  7. A. Almiman and A. M. Ramsay. Using English dictionaries to generate commonsense knowledge in natural language. In Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP, 2017, Varna, Bulgaria, September 2 - 8, 2017, pages 58--63, 2017a. doi: 10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_009. https://doi.org/10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_009.

  8. F. Albogamy, A. Ramsay, and H. Ahmed. Arabic tweets treebanking and parsing: A bootstrapping approach. In Proceedings of the Third Arabic Natural Language Processing Workshop, WANLP, 2017@EACL, Valencia, Spain, April 3, 2017, pages 94--99, 2017. https://aclanthology.info/papers/W17-1312/w17-1312.

  9. F. Albogamy and A. M. Ramsay. Universal dependencies for Arabic tweets. In Proceedings of the International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP, 2017, Varna, Bulgaria, September 2 - 8, 2017, pages 46--51, 2017. doi: 10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_007. https://doi.org/10.26615/978-954-452-049-6_007.

  10. F. Albogamy and A. M. Ramsay. Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text (WNUT), chapter Unsupervised Stemmer for Arabic Tweets, pages 78--84. The COLING 2016 Organizing Committee, 2016c. http://aclweb.org/anthology/W16-3912.

  11. F. Albogamy and A. Ramsay. Unsupervised stemmer for Arabic tweets. In 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text, pages 78--84. The COLING 2016 Organizing Committee, 2016b. https://aclanthology.info/pdf/W/W16/W16-3912.pdf.

  12. F. Albogamy and A. Ramsay. Fast and robust POS tagger for arabic tweets using agreement-based bootstrapping. In Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation LREC, 2016, Portorovz, Slovenia, May 23-28, 2016., 2016a. http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2016/summaries/600.html.

  13. T. Ahmad and A. Ramsay. Linking tweets to news: Is all news of interest? In Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications - 17th International Conference, AIMSA, 2016, Varna, Bulgaria, September 7-10, 2016, Proceedings, pages 151--161, 2016. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-44748-3_15. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-44748-3_15.

  14. S. F. Jaf and A. M. Ramsay. The application of constraint rules to data-driven parsing. In G. Angelova, K. Bontcheva, and R. Mitkov, editors, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 232--238, Hissarya, Bulgaria, 2015. http://lml.bas.bg/ranlp2015/docs/RANLP_main.pdf.

  15. H. Alrefaie and A. Ramsay. Supporting language learners with the meanings of closed class items. CoRR, abs/1504.02059, 2015. http://arxiv.org/abs/1504.02059.

  16. F. Albogamy and A. M. Ramsay. POS tagging for Arabic Tweets. In G. Angelova, K. Bontcheva, and R. Mitkov, editors, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 1--8, Hissarya, Bulgaria, 2015b. http://lml.bas.bg/ranlp2015/docs/RANLP_main.pdf.

  17. F. Albogamy and A. M. Ramsay. Towards POS tagging for Arabic Tweets. In ACL 2015 Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text, page 5 pages, Beijing, October 2015a. Association for Computational Linguistics.

  18. A. M. Ramsay, I. Alsharhan, and H. Ahmed. Generation of a phonetic transcription for modern standard Arabic: a knowledge-based model. Computer Speech and Language, 28: 959--978, 2014.

  19. M. Alsabaan and A. M. Ramsay. Diagnostic call tool for Arabic learners. In S. Jager, L. Bradley, E. J. Meima, and S. Thou"esny, editors, CALL Design: Principles and Practice; Proceedings of the 2014 EUROCALL Conference, pages 6--11, Groningen, The Netherlands, 2014. doi: doi:10.14705/rpnet.2014.000186. http://publications.lib.chalmers.se/records/fulltext/208623/local_208623.pdf.

  20. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Combining strategies for tagging and parsing Arabic. In Proceedings of the EMNLP 2014 Workshop on A,rabic Natural Language Processing (ANLP), pages 73--77, Doha, Qatar, October 2014b. Association for Computational Linguistics. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W14-3609.

  21. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Improved parsing for Arabic by combining diverse dependency parsers. In Z. Vetulani and J. Mariani, editors, Human Language Technology Challenges for Computer Science and Linguistics, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 43--54. Springer International Publishing, 2014a. ISBN 978-3-319-08957-7. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-08958-4_4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08958-4_4.

  22. S. F. Jaf and A. M. Ramsay. Parser hybridisation for natural languages. In Human Language Technologies as a Challenge for Computer Science and Linguistics, pages 531--535, Poznan, Poland, 2013b. http://hnk.ffzg.hr/bibl/ltc2013/book/papers/PAR2-4.pdf.

  23. S. F. Jaf and A. M. Ramsay. Towards the development of a hybrid parser for natural languages. In A. V. Jones and N. Ng, editors, 2013 Imperial College Computing Student Workshop, volume 35 of OpenAccess Series in Informatics (OASIcs), pages 49--56, Dagstuhl, Germany, 2013a. Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik. ISBN 978-3-939897-63-7. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4230/OASIcs.ICCSW.2013.49. http://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2013/4271.

  24. A. Alshahrani and A. M. Ramsay. Inference for natural language. In Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Semantic Processing. Textual Inference and Structures in Corpora, pages 60--64. 2013. http://aclweb.org/anthology/W13-3819.

  25. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Optimising tree edit distance with subtrees for textual entailment. In Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 9--17, Hissar, Bulgaria, 2013b. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/R13-1002.

  26. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Natural language inference for Arabic using extended tree edit distance with subtrees. Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research, 48: 1--22, 2013a. https://www.jair.org/media/3892/live-3892-7342-jair.pdf.

  27. J. Kerins and A. Ramsay. Developing a visual temporal modeller: Applying an extensible NLP system to support learners' understanding of tense and aspect in english. ReCALL, 24 (1): 40--65, 2012. doi: 10.1017/S0958344011000280. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344011000280.

  28. M. Alsabaan, I. Alsharhan, A. M. Ramsay, and H. Mansour. Dealing with emphatic consonants to improve the performance of Arabic speech recognition. In The 13th Arab Conference on Information Technology (ACIT 2012), pages 313--319, Zarqa University, Zarqa, Jordan, 2012. http://www.acit2k.org/ACIT/2012Proceedings/6982.pdf.

  29. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Combining black-box taggers and parsers for modern standard Arabic. In Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS-2012), pages 19 --26, Wroclaw, Poland, 2012d. IEEE. https://fedcsis.org/proceedings/2012/pliks/198.pdf.

  30. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Dependency tree matching with extended tree edit distance with subtrees for textual entailment. In Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS-2012), pages 11--18, Wroclaw, Poland, 2012c. IEEE. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpls/abs_all.jsp?arnumber=6354368&tag=1.

  31. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Improved POS-tagging for Arabic by combining diverse taggers. In L. Iliadis, I. Maglogiannis, and H. Papadopoulos, editors, Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations, volume 381 of IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, pages 107--116. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2012b. ISBN 978-3-642-33408-5. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33409-2_12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-33409-2_12.

  32. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Arabic treebank: from phrase-structure trees to dependency trees. In META-RESEARCH Workshop on Advanced Treebanking at the 8th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), pages 61--68, Istanbul, Turkey, 2012a. http://www.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2012/workshops/12.LREC%202012%20Advanced%20Treebanking%20Proceedings.pdf.

  33. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Exploiting hidden morphophonemic constraints for finding the underlying forms of 'weak' Arabic verbs. In G. Angelova, K. Bontcheva, R. Mitkov, and N. Nikolov, editors, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 448--455, Hissar, Bulgaria, 2011. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/R11-1062.

  34. A. Garg and A. M. Ramsay. Semantic content analysis of video: issues and trends. In W. Lin, D. Tao, J. Kacprzyk, Z. Li, E. Izquierdo, and H. Wang, editors, Multimedia Analysis, Processing and Communications, volume 346 of Studies in Computational Intelligence, pages 443--457. Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2011. ISBN 978-3-642-19550-1. doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-19551-8_16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-19551-8_16.

  35. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Evaluation of combining data-driven dependency parsers for Arabic. In Proceeding of 5th Language & Technology Conference: Human Language Technologies (LTC'11), pages 546--550, Pozna'n, Poland, 2011b.

  36. M. Alabbas and A. M. Ramsay. Evaluation of dependency parsers for long Arabic sentences. In Proceeding of International Conference on Semantic Technology and Information Retrieval (STAIR'11), pages 243--248, Putrajaya, Malaysia, 2011a. IEEE. doi: 10.1109/STAIR.2011.5995796. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/articleDetails.jsp?arnumber=5995796.

  37. A. M. Ramsay. Semi-partitioned Horn clauses: a tractable logic of types. In Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications, volume 6304/2010 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 279--280. Springer, 2010. doi: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15431-7_36. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-3-642-15431-7_36.

  38. A. M. Ramsay. The complexity of everyday language. In N. Nicolov, G. Angelova, and R. Mitkov, editors, R,ecent Advances in Natural Language Processing V, volume 309 of C,urrent Issues in Linguistic Theory, pages 99--112. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia, 2009a.

  39. A. M. Ramsay and Y. Naguib. Bootstrapping a lexicon-free tagger for Arabic. In 9th conference of the Egyptian language engineering society, Cairo, 2009.

  40. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. 'Sorry' is the hardest word. In Computational Approaches to Creativity (NAACL HLT Workshop), pages 94--101, University of Colorado, Boulder, 2009b. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W09-2013.

  41. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. Using English for commonsense knowledge. In H. Bunt, editor, 8th International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-8), pages 181--194, Tilburg, 2009a. http://aclweb.org/anthology/W/W09/W09-3717.pdf.

  42. C. -L. Kuo and A. M. Ramsay. Translating emphatic/contrastive focus from English to Mandarin Chinese. Machine Translation, 22(4): 181--203, 2009. doi: 10.1007/s10590-009-9055-8. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10590-009-9055-8.

  43. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Minimal sets of minimal speech acts. In N. Nicolov, G. Angelova, and R. Mitkov, editors, R,ecent Advances in Natural Language Processing V, volume 309 of C,urrent Issues in Linguistic Theory, pages 217--226. John Benjamins, Amsterdam & Philadelphia, 2009b.

  44. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Actions speak louder than words: an intentional look at defining communicative acts for embodied conversational agents. In AAMAS 2009 Workshop: Towards a Standard Markup Language for Embodied Dialogue Acts, pages 25--30, Budapest, 2009a. http://wwwhome.ewi.utwente.nl/ heylen/w16.pdf.

  45. A. M. Ramsay. A tractable logic of types. In 22nd International Workshop on Unification (UNIF-08), pages 69--81, Hagenburg, Austria, 2008. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1886005.

  46. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Estimating phone lengths for a diphone-based text-to-speech system for Arabic. In The Sixth International Conference on Informatics and Systems, pages NLP--135--NLP--140, Cairo, 2008b. ISBN ISBN 977-403-290-X.

  47. A. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Towards including prosody in a text-to-speech system for modern standard arabic. Computer Speech &, Language, 22 (1): 84--103, 2008a. doi: 10.1016/j.csl.2007.06.004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csl.2007.06.004.

  48. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. Everyday language is highly intensional. In J. Bos and R. Delmonte, editors, Semantics in Text Processing (STEP 2008), pages 193--206, Venice, 2008b. College Publications. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W08-2216.

  49. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. Speech acts, epistemic planning and Grice's maxims. Logic and Computation, 18: 431--457, 2008a. doi: 10.1093/logcom/exm073. http://logcom.oxfordjournals.org/content/18/3/431.full.pdf.

  50. C. -L. Kuo and A. M. Ramsay. Translating emphatic/contrastive focus from English to Mandarin Chinese. In European Machine Translation Conference (EAMT-08), pages 78--87, Hamburg, 2008.

  51. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. A system for Arabic text-to-speech. Computer Speech and Language, 22: 84--103, 2007.

  52. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Deep-reasoning-centred dialogue. In Proc. 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'07), pages 131--138, Schloss Dagstuhl, Germany, 2007b. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W07-2320.

  53. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Minimal sets of minimal speech acts. In Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP'07), pages 193--199, Borovets, Bulgaria, 2007a.

  54. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Local constraints on Arabic word order. In Advances in Natural Language Processing (Fifth International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006), volume 4139 of Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, pages 447--457, Turku, Finland, 2006. Springer. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/11816508_45.

  55. A. M. Ramsay and K. Hargreaves. Local constraints on topic and focus in Somali. In Proceedings of the COLING/ACL 2006 Main Conference Poster Sessions, pages 337--344, Sydney, 2006. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/P06-2044.

  56. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. Planning ramifications: when ramifications are the norm, not the problem. In 11th International Workshop on Non-monotonic Reasoning (NMR-06), pages 344---351, Ambleside, 2006b. AAAI. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.111.5227.

  57. A. M. Ramsay and D. G. Field. How to change a person's mind: understanding the difference between the effects and consequences of speech acts. In 5th International Conference on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS 06), pages 27--36, Buxton, 2006a. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W06-3903.

  58. A. M. Ramsay. Prepositions as abstract relations. In Second ACL-SIGSEM Workshop on The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions and their Use in Computational Linguistics Formalisms and Applications, pages 30--38, University of Essex, 2005a. ACL. http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1027484.

  59. A. M. Ramsay, N. Ahmed, and V. Mirzaiean. Persian word-order is free but not (quite) discontinuous. In 5th International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-05), pages 412--418, Borovets, Bulgaria, 2005.

  60. A. M. Ramsay and M. Schulze. Die Struktur deutscher Worte. In J. Partridge, editor, Getting into G,erman, volume 17 of German Linguistic and Cultural Studies, pages 83--105. Peter Lang, Bern, 2005.

  61. A. M. Ramsay and V. Mirzaeian. Content-based support for Persian learners of English. RECALL, 17 (1): 139--154, 2005.

  62. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. `just-in-time' constraints in a system for Arabic text-to-speech. In 5th conference of the Egyptian society for language engineering, pages 143--153, Cairo, 2005.

  63. R. Mahmud and A. M. Ramsay. Finding discourse relations in student essays. In Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing, volume 3406 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 116--119, Mexico City, 2005. Springer.

  64. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. The parser from an Arabic text-to-speech system. In Traitement automatique du language naturel (TALN'04), pages 315--324, F`es, Morroco, 2004.

  65. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Gaylard. Relevant answers to WH-questions. Journal of Language, Logic and Information, 13(2): 173--186, 2004. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023%2FB%3AJLLI.0000024733.79286.27.

  66. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. How to build towers of arbitrary heights. In The 23rd Annual Workshop of the UK Planning and Scheduling Special Interest Group (PlanSIG 2004), page 11 pages, University College Cork, 2004b.

  67. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Sarcasm, deception, and stating the obvious: planning dialogue without speech acts. Artificial Intelligence Review, 22: 149--171, 2004a. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10462-004-4307-8.

  68. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Arabic morpho-syntax for text-to-speech. In G. Angelova, R. Mitkov, N. Nicolov, and N. Nikolov, editors, Recent advances in natural language processing, pages 409--416, Sofia, 2003.

  69. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Gaylard. A constructive view of discourse operators. In K. Jokinen, B. Gamback, W. Black, R. Catizone, and Y. Wilks, editors, EACL workshop on Dialogue Systems, pages 103--110, Budapest, 2003. Association for Computational Linguistics. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W03-2714.

  70. H. L. Gaylard and A. M. Ramsay. Incremental inference in context. In H. C. Bunt, I. van der Sluis, and R. Morante, editors, Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-5), pages 165--178, Tilburg, 2003.

  71. D. G. Field and A. M. Ramsay. Sarcasm, deception and stating the obvious: planning dialogue without speech acts. In H. C. Bunt, I. van der Sluis, and R. Morante, editors, Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-5), pages 457--460, Tilburg, 2003. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.114.8439&rep=rep1&type=pdf.

  72. H. L. Seville and A. M. Ramsay. A unified theory of reference resolution. In 4th Discourse Anaphora and Anaphor Resolution Colloquium (DAARC-4), pages 90--99, Lisbon, 2002. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/W99-0111.

  73. A. M. Ramsay. Temporal views as abstract relations. In M. Fisher and A. Artale, editors, 9th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning, pages 116--123, Manchester, 2002a. IEEE. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.120.2140&rep=rep1&type=pdf.

  74. H. L. Seville and A. M. Ramsay. Capturing sense in intensional contexts. In H. C. Bunt, editor, 4th International Workshop on Computational Semantics, pages 319--334, University of Tilburg, 2001.

  75. A. M. Ramsay. Weak lexical semantics and multiple views. In H. C. Bunt, R. Muskens, and E. G. C. Thijsse, editors, Computing Meaning, volume 2, pages 97--112, Dordrecht, 2001b. Kluwer Academic Publishers (SLAP 77.

  76. A. M. Ramsay. Theorem proving for untyped constructive $lambda$-calculus: implementation and application. Logic Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics, 9 (1): 89--106, 2001a. ISSN ISSN: 1367-0751. http://www3.oup.co.uk/igpl.

  77. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. Relevant answers to WH-questions. In 3rd International Conference on Inference in Computational Semantics, pages 73--86, Siena, 2001b. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/B%3AJLLI.0000024733.79286.27.

  78. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. What situational and discourse relations entail. In H. C. Bunt, I. van der Sluis, and E. Thijsse, editors, 4th International Workshop on Computational Semantics, pages 417--432, University of Tilburg, 2001a. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.31.8034.

  79. A. M. Ramsay and H. Mansour. Arabic morphology: a categorial approach. In ACL, workshop on `Arabic language Processing: Status and Prospects', pages 17--22, Toulouse, 2001. Association for Computational Linguistics.

  80. H. L. Gaylard and A. M. Ramsay. Any,: the hearer's role in discourse update. In G. Angelova, K. Bontcheva, R. Mitkov, N. Nicolov, and N. Nikolov, editors, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 108--114, Tzigov Chark, Bulgaria, 2001.

  81. H. L. Seville and A. M. Ramsay. Making sense of reference to the unfamiliar. In M. Kay, editor, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-2000), pages 775--781, Universit"at des Saarlandes, July 2000. http://aclweb.org/anthology/C/C00/C00-2112.pdf.

  82. A. M. Ramsay. Theorem proving for constructive $lambda$-calculus. In S. Cerri, editor, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications, pages 69--79, Varna, Bulgaria, September 2000b. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/3-540-45331-8_7.

  83. A. M. Ramsay. Speech act theory and epistemic planning. In W. J. Black and H. C. Bunt, editors, Abduction, Beliefs and Context in Dialogue: Studies in Computational Pragmatics, pages 293--310, Amsterdam, 2000a. John Benjamins.

  84. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. What did he mean by that? In S. A. Cerri and D. Dochev, editors, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications, pages 199--209, Varna, Bulgaria, September 2000c. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00142289.

  85. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. Models and discourse models. Journal of Language and Computation, 1 (2): 167--181, 2000b.

  86. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. Unscrambling English word order. In M. Kay, editor, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-2000), pages 656--662, Universit"at des Saarlandes, July 2000a. https://aclweb.org/anthology/C/C00/C00-2096.pdf.

  87. H. L. Seville and A. M. Ramsay. Reference-based discourse structure for reference resolution. In ACL Workshop on Discourse/Dialogue Structure and Reference, pages 90--99, University of Maryland, June 1999. http://aclweb.org/anthology/W/W99/W99-0111.pdf.

  88. A. M. Ramsay. Dynamic and underspecified semantics without dynamic and underspecified logic. In H. C. Bunt, L. Kievit, R. Muskens, and M. Verlinden, editors, Computing Meaning I, volume 73 of Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy, pages 208--220, Dordrecht, 1999d. Kluwer Academic Publishers. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-011-4231-1_3.

  89. A. M. Ramsay. Direct parsing with discontinuous phrases. Natural Language Engineering, 5(3): 271--300, 1999c. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=48253&fileId=S1351324900002242.

  90. A. M. Ramsay. Does it make any sense? updating = consistency checking. In K. Turner, editor, The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View, London and Amsterdam, 1999b. Elsevier.

  91. A. M. Ramsay. Weak lexical semantics and multiple views. In H. C. Bunt and E. G. C. Thijsse, editors, 3rd International Workshop on Computational Semantics, pages 205--218, University of Tilburg, 1999a. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-010-0572-2_6.

  92. A. M. Ramsay and H. L. Seville. Models and discourse models. In First workshop on inference in computational semantics, pages 111--124, Inst. for Language, Logic and Computation, University of Amsterdam, 1999.

  93. A. M. Ramsay and R. Sch\"aler. Case and word order in English and German. In R. Mitkov and N. Nicolov, editors, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, pages 15--33, Tzigov Chark, 1997. John Benjamin. https://benjamins.com/#catalog/books/cilt.136.04ram/details.

  94. M. Cryan and A. M. Ramsay. Constructing a normal form for Property Theory. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE-14), volume 1249 of Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, pages 237--251, Berlin, 1997. Springer-Verlag. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F3-540-63104-6_22.

  95. A. M. Ramsay. Aspect and aktionsart: fighting or cooperating? In J.-I. Tsujii, editor, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-96), pages 889--894, Copenhagen, 1996. http://aclweb.org/anthology/C/C96/C96-2150.pdf.

  96. R. Mitkov. Attacking anaphora on all fronts. In A. M. Ramsay, editor, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications, Amsterdam, 1996. IOS Press.

  97. A. M. Ramsay. Can a neutral dictionary be useful? In C.-M. Guo, editor, Machine Tractable Dictionaries: Design and Construction, pages 65--74, 1995b.

  98. A. M. Ramsay. Theorem proving for intensional logic. Journal of Automated Reasoning, 14: 237--255, 1995a. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00881857.

  99. A. M. Ramsay. The co-operative lexicon. In H. C. Bunt, editor, 1st International Workshop on Computational Semantics I, pages 171--180, University of Tilburg, 1994c. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=10.1.1.37.5675.

  100. A. M. Ramsay. Meanings as constraints on information states. In C. J. Rupp, M. A. Rosner, and R. L. Johnson, editors, Constraints, Language and Computation, pages 249--276, London, 1994b. Academic Press.

  101. A. M. Ramsay. Focus on ``Only", and ``Not". In Y. Wilks, editor, Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-94), pages 881--885, Kyoto, 1994a. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=991250.991290.

  102. A. M. Ramsay. Prospects for natural language processing. In A. Sloman, D. Hogg, and A. M. Ramsay, editors, Prospects for Artificial Intelligence, pages 33--48. IOS Press, 1993b.

  103. A. M. Ramsay. Topicalisation and attachment preferences. In H. Sorensen, editor, AI and Cognitive Science 91, Workshops in Computing, pages 190--198. Springer London, 1993a. ISBN 978-3-540-19785-0. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4471-3562-3_12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-3562-3_12.

  104. A. M. Ramsay. Generic plural NPs and habitual VPs. In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-92), pages 226--231, Nantes, 1992b. https://aclweb.org/anthology/C/C92/C92-1037.pdf.

  105. A. M. Ramsay. Presuppositions and WH-clauses. Journal of Semantics, 9: 251--286, 1992a. http://jos.oxfordjournals.org/content/9/3/251.short.

  106. A. M. Ramsay. A common framework for analysis and generation. In Fifth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL-91), pages 309--311, Berlin, 1991c. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=977180.977235.

  107. A. M. Ramsay. Presuppositions and WH-clauses. In Workshop on Constraint Propagation, Linguistic Description and Computational, pages 125--160, Lugano, 1991b.

  108. A. M. Ramsay. Generating relevant models. Journal of Automated Reasoning, 7: 359--368, 1991a. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00249019.

  109. A. M. Ramsay. Speech acts and epistemic planning. In Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications (AIMSA-IV), pages 351--360, Varna, 1990c.

  110. A. M. Ramsay. Disjunction without tears. Computational Linguistics, 16(3): 171--174, 1990a. http://www.aclweb.org/anthology/J90-3004.

  111. A. M. Ramsay. Extended graph unification. In Fourth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL 89), pages 212--216, Manchester, 1989e. https://aclweb.org/anthology/E/E89/E89-1029.pdf.

  112. A. M. Ramsay. The semantics of WH-clauses. In 2nd Irish Conference on AI and Cognitive Science, pages 329--350, Dublin City University, 1989d. http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.10072F978-1-4471-3164-9_20.

  113. A. M. Ramsay. Epistemic reasoning without possible worlds. In Primo Congresso della Associazione Italiana per l'Intelligenza Artificiale, pages 258--266, Trento, 1989c.

  114. A. M. Ramsay. Embedding very high level languages in pop-11. In J. Anderson, editor, POP-11 Comes of Age: the advancement of an AI programming language,. Ellis Horwood, 1989b.

  115. A. M. Ramsay. Wh-questions and intensional logic. In J. Peckham, editor, Recent Developments and Applications of Natural Language Processing,. Kogan Page, 1989a.

  116. A. M. Ramsay. Embedding very high level languages. In R. Hawley, editor, AI Programming Environments,. Ellis Horwood, 1987b.

  117. A. M. Ramsay. Knowing that and knowing what. In J. Hallam and C. Mellish, editors, Advances in Artificial Intelligence (Proceedings of the 1987 Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour Conference: AISB-87), pages 279--290, Edinburgh, 1987a.

  118. A. M. Ramsay. Natural language processing. In M. Yazdani, editor, Artificial Intelligence: principles, applications and implications,. Chapman and Hall, 1986.

  119. A. M. Ramsay. Effective parsing with Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar. In Second Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL 85), pages 57--61, Geneva, 1985. https://aclweb.org/anthology/E/E85/E85-1008.pdf.

  120. A. Ramsay. A distributed programming assistant. Softw., Pract. Exper., 13 (11): 983--992, 1983. doi: 10.1002/spe.4380131102. https://doi.org/10.1002/spe.4380131102.

  121. A. Ramsay. An environment for developing distributed programs. In ECAI,, pages 85--86, 1982.

  122. A. M. Ramsay. Understanding English descriptions of programs. In AISB/GI Conference, page 5 pages, Amsterdam, 1980b.

Reference Articles

  1. A. M. Ramsay. From computational linguistics to natural language engineering. In K. Malmkjaer, editor, The Routledge Encyclopedia of Linguistics, pages 68--98. Routledge, 2009b.

  2. A. M. Ramsay. Speech acts and artificial intelligence planning theory. In Encyclopaedia of Language & Linguistics,. Elsevier, 2005c.

  3. A. M. Ramsay. Natural language understanding. In Encyclopaedia of Language & Linguistics,. Elsevier, 2005b.

  4. A. M. Ramsay. Discourse. In R. Mitkov, editor, Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics,. Oxford University Press, 2003. http://www.oup.co.uk/isbn/0-19-823882-7.

  5. A. M. Ramsay. Formal approaches to semantics and pragmatics. In Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science,. Nature Publishing Group: Macmillan Publishers Ltd, 2002b. http://www.cognitivescience.net.

  6. A. M. Ramsay. AI in linguistics. In K. Malmkjaer, editor, The Linguistic Encyclopaedia, pages 28--38. Routledge Kegan Paul, 1991 (updated 2001).