This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by the author(s)  or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder. See below for BOOKS, JOURNAL & CONFERENCE PAPERS and REFERENCE ARTICLES.

BOOKS

Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications VII, (proceedings AIMSA-96), IOS Press, 1996

Prospects for Artificial Intelligence, (proceedings of AISB-93), eds. A.Sloman, D.Hogg, G. Humphreys, A. Ramsay & D. Partridge, IOS Press, 1993

The Logical Structure of English, Pitman, 1990 (now published by UCL Press)

Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence, Cambridge University Press, 1988

AI in Practice: programming examples in POP-11 (with R Barrett) Ellis-Horwood, 1986.

POP-11: a practical language for artificial intelligence (with R Barrett, A Sloman) Ellis-Horwood, 1985

JOURNAL & CONFERENCE PAPERS

T Ahmad and A M Ramsay, Linking Tweets to News: Is All News of Interest?, 17th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications Springer Verlag, (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence) 2016

F Albogamy and A M Ramsay: Unsupervised Stemmer for Arabic Tweets, Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text (WNUT) : ed B Han and A Ritter and L Derczynski and W Xu and T Baldwin, 2016, 78--84

S F Jaf and A M Ramsay: The application of constraint rules to data-driven parsing, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: ed G Angelova and K Bontcheva and R Mitkov, 2015, 232--238

F Albogamy and A M Ramsay: POS tagging for Arabic Tweets, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: ed G Angelova and K Bontcheva and R Mitkov, 2015, 1--8

F Albogamy and A M Ramsay: Towards POS tagging for Arabic Tweets, ACL 2015 Workshop on Noisy User-generated Text: 2015, 5 pages

M Alsabaan and A M Ramsay: Diagnostic CALL tool for Arabic learners, CALL Design: Principles and Practice; Proceedings of the 2014 EUROCALL Conference: ed S. Jager and L. Bradley and E. J. Meima and S. Thou"esny, 2014, 6-11

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Combining strategies for tagging and parsing Arabic, Proceedings of the EMNLP 2014 Workshop on Arabic Natural Language Processing (ANLP): 2014, 73--77

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Improved parsing for Arabic by combining diverse dependency parsers, Human Language Technology Challenges for Computer Science and Linguistics: ed Vetulani, Zygmunt and Mariani, Joseph, 2014, 43-54

A M Ramsay, I Alsharhan and H Ahmed: Generation of a phonetic transcription for modern standard Arabic: a knowledge-based model, Computer Speech and Language: 2014, 959--978

S F Jaf and A M Ramsay: Parser hybridisation for natural languages, Human Language Technologies as a Challenge for Computer Science and Linguistics: 2013, 531--535

S F Jaf and A M Ramsay: Towards the development of a hybrid parser for natural languages, 2013 Imperial College Computing Student Workshop: ed Andrew V. Jones and Nicholas Ng, 2013, 49--56

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Optimising tree edit distance with subtrees for textual entailment, Proceedings of Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: 2013, 9--17

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Natural language inference for Arabic using extended tree edit distance with subtrees, Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research: 2013, 1--22

A Alshahrani and A M Ramsay: Inference for natural language, Proceedings of the Joint Symposium on Semantic Processing. Textual Inference and Structures in Corpora: 2013, 60-64

M Alsabaan, I Alsharhan, A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Dealing with atic consonants to improve the performance of arabic speech recognition, The 13th Arab Conference on Information Technology (ACIT 2012): 2012, 313--319

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Arabic Treebank: from phrase-structure trees to dependency trees, META-RESEARCH Workshop on Advanced Treebanking at the 8th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC): 2012, 61--68

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Combining black-box taggers and parsers for modern standard Arabic, Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS-2012): 2012, 19 --26

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Dependency tree matching with extended tree edit distance with subtrees for textual entailment, Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems (FedCSIS-2012): 2012, 11--18

Alabbas, M and A M Ramsay: Improved POS-tagging for Arabic by combining diverse taggers, Artificial Intelligence Applications and Innovations: ed Iliadis, Lazaros and Maglogiannis, Ilias and Papadopoulos, Harris, 2012, 107-116

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Evaluation of dependency parsers for long Arabic sentences, Proceeding of International Conference on Semantic Technology and Information Retrieval (STAIR'11): 2011, 243-248

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Exploiting hidden morphophonemic constraints for finding the underlying forms of 'weak' Arabic verbs, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: ed G Angelova and K Bontcheva and R Mitkov and N Nikolov, 2011, 448-455

A Garg and A M Ramsay: Semantic content analysis of video: issues and trends, Multimedia Analysis, Processing and Communications: ed Lin, Weisi and Tao, Dacheng and Kacprzyk, Janusz and Li, Zhu and Izquierdo, Ebroul and Wang, Haohong, 2011, 443-457

M Alabbas and A M Ramsay: Evaluation of combining data-driven dependency parsers for Arabic, Proceeding of 5th Language & Technology Conference: Human Language Technologies (LTC'11): 2011, 546-550

A M Ramsay: Semi-partitioned Horn clauses: a tractable logic of types, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 2010, 279--280

Kuo, C-L and A M Ramsay: Translating atic/contrastive focus from English to Mandarin Chinese, Machine Translation: 2009, 181--203

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Actions speak louder than words: an intentional look at defining communicative acts for embodied conversational agents, AAMAS 2009 Workshop: Towards a Standard Markup Language for Embodied Dialogue Acts: 2009, 25--30

A M Ramsay and D G Field: 'Sorry' is the hardest word, Computational Approaches to Creativity (NAACL HLT Workshop): 2009, 94--101

A M Ramsay and D G Field: Using English for commonsense knowledge, 8th International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-8): ed H Bunt, 2009, 181--194

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Minimal sets of minimal speech acts, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing V: 2009, 217-226

A M Ramsay and Y Naguib: Bootstrapping a lexicon-free tagger for Arabic, 9th conference of the Egyptian language engineering society: 2009,

A M Ramsay: The complexity of everyday language, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing V: 2009, 99-112

A M Ramsay and D G Field: Everyday language is highly intensional, Semantics in Text Processing (STEP 2008): ed J Bos and R Delmonte, 2008, 193--206

A M Ramsay and D G Field: Speech acts, epistemic planning and Grice's maxims, Logic and Computation: 2008, 431-457

A M Ramsay: A tractable logic of types, 22nd International Workshop on Unification (UNIF-08): 2008, 69--81

C-L Kuo and A M Ramsay: Translating atic/contrastive focus from English to Mandarin Chinese, European Machine Translation Conference (EAMT-08): 2008, 78--87

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Estimating phone lengths for a diphone-based text-to-speech system for Arabic, The Sixth International Conference on Informatics and Systems: 2008, NLP-135--NLP-140

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Deep-reasoning-centred dialogue, Proc. 11th European Workshop on Natural Language Generation (ENLG'07): 2007, 131--138

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Minimal sets of minimal speech acts, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP'07): 2007, 193--199

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: A system for Arabic Text-to-speech, Computer Speech and Language: 2007, 84-103

A M Ramsay and K Hargreaves: Local constraints on topic and focus in Somali, Proceedings of the COLING/ACL 2006 Main Conference Poster Sessions: 2006, 337--344

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Local constraints on Arabic word order, Advances in Natural Language Processing (Fifth International Conference on NLP, FinTAL 2006): 2006, 447--457

A M Ramsay and D G Field: How to change a person's mind: understanding the difference between the effects and consequences of speech acts, 5th International Conference on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS 06): 2006, 27--36

A M Ramsay and D G Field: Planning ramifications: when ramifications are the norm, not the problem, 11th International Workshop on Non-monotonic Reasoning (NMR-06): 2006, 344---351

R Mahmud and A M Ramsay: Finding discourse relations in student essays, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Computational Linguistics and Intelligent Text Processing: 2005, 116--119

A M Ramsay and V Mirzaeian: Content-based support for Persian learners of English, RECALL: 2005, 139--154

A M Ramsay: Prepositions as abstract relations, Second ACL-SIGSEM Workshop on The Linguistic Dimensions of Prepositions and their Use in Computational Linguistics Formalisms and Applications: 2005, 30--38

A M Ramsay, Najmeh Ahmed and Vahid Mirzaiean: Persian word-order is free but not (quite) discontinuous, 5th International Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP-05): 2005, 412--418

A M Ramsay and M Schulze: Die Struktur deutscher Worte, Getting into German: ed John Partridge, 2005, 83-105

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: `Just-in-time' constraints in a system for Arabic Text-to-speech, 5th conference of the Egyptian society for language engineering: 2005, 143--153

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Sarcasm, deception, and stating the obvious: planning dialogue without speech acts, Artificial Intelligence Review: 2004, 149--171

A M Ramsay and H L Gaylard: Relevant answers to WH-questions, Journal of Language, Logic and Information: 2004, 173--186

D G Field and A M Ramsay: How to build towers of arbitrary heights, The 23rd Annual Workshop of the UK Planning and Scheduling Special Interest Group (PlanSIG 2004): 2004, 11 pages

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: The parser from an Arabic text-to-speech system, Traitement automatique du language naturel (TALN'04): 2004, 315--324

D G Field and A M Ramsay: Sarcasm, deception and stating the obvious: planning dialogue without speech acts, Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-5): ed H C Bunt and I van~der~Sluis and R Morante, 2003, 457--460

A M Ramsay and H L Gaylard: A constructive view of discourse operators, EACL workshop on Dialogue Systems: ed K Jokinen and B Gamback and W Black and R Catizone and Y Wilks, 2003, 103--110

H L Gaylard and A M Ramsay: Incremental inference in context, Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-5): ed H C Bunt and I van~der~Sluis and R Morante, 2003, 165--178

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Arabic morpho-syntax for text-to-speech, Recent advances in natural language processing: ed G Angelova and R Mitkov and N Nicolov and N Nikolov, 2003, 409--416

H L Seville and A M Ramsay: A unified theory of reference resolution, 4th Discourse Anaphora and Anaphor Resolution Colloquium (DAARC-4): 2002, 90--99

A M Ramsay: Temporal views as abstract relations, 9th International Symposium on Temporal Representation and Reasoning: ed M Fisher and A Artale, 2002, 116--123

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: What situational and discourse relations entail, 4th International Workshop on Computational Semantics: ed H C Bunt and I van der Sluis and E Thijsse, 2001, 417--432

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: Relevant answers to WH-questions, 3rd International Conference on Inference in Computational Semantics: 2001, 73--86

A M Ramsay: Theorem proving for untyped constructive $lambda$-calculus: implementation and application, Logic Journal of the Interest Group in Pure and Applied Logics: 2001, 89--106

H L Seville and A M Ramsay: Capturing sense in intensional contexts, 4th International Workshop on Computational Semantics: ed H C Bunt, 2001, 319--334

H L Gaylard and A M Ramsay: Any: the hearer's role in discourse update, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: ed G Angelova and K Bontcheva and R Mitkov and N Nicolov and N Nikolov, 2001, 108--114

A M Ramsay and H Mansour: Arabic morphology: a categorial approach, ACL workshop on `Arabic language Processing: Status and Prospects': 2001, 17--22

A M Ramsay: Weak Lexical Semantics and Multiple Views, Computing Meaning: ed H C Bunt and R Muskens and E G C Thijsse, 2001, 97--112

H L Seville and A M Ramsay: Making sense of reference to the unfamiliar, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-2000): ed M Kay, 2000, 775--781

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: Unscrambling English word order, Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-2000): ed M Kay, 2000, 656--662

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: What did he mean by that?, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications: ed S A Cerri and D Dochev, 2000, 199--209

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: Models and discourse models, Journal of Language and Computation: 2000, 167--181

A M Ramsay: Speech act theory and epistemic planning, Abduction, Beliefs and Context in Dialogue: Studies in Computational Pragmatics: ed W J Black and H C Bunt, 2000, 293--310

H L Seville and A M Ramsay: Reference-based discourse structure for reference resolution, ACL Workshop on Discourse/Dialogue Structure and Reference: 1999, 90-99

A M Ramsay: Direct parsing with discontinuous phrases, Natural Language Engineering: 1999, 271--300

A M Ramsay: Dynamic and underspecified semantics without dynamic and underspecified logic, Computing Meaning I: ed H C Bunt and L Kievit and R Muskens and M Verlinden, 1999, 208--220

A M Ramsay: Weak lexical semantics and multiple Views, 3rd International Workshop on Computational Semantics: ed H C Bunt and E G C Thijsse, 1999, 205--218

A M Ramsay and H L Seville: Models and discourse models, First workshop on inference in computational semantics: 1999, 111-124

A M Ramsay: Does It Make Any Sense? Updating = Consistency Checking, The Semantics-Pragmatics Interface from Different Points of View: ed K Turner, 1999,

M Cryan and A M Ramsay: Constructing a normal form for Property Theory, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Automated Deduction (CADE-14): 1997, 237--251

A M Ramsay and R Sch"aler: Case and word order in English and German, Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing: ed R Mitkov and N Nicolov, 1997, 15--33

A M Ramsay: Aspect and aktionsart: fighting or cooperating?, Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-96): ed J-I Tsujii, 1996, 889-894

A M Ramsay: Theorem proving for intensional logic, Journal of Automated Reasoning: 1995, 237--255

A M Ramsay: Can a neutral dictionary be useful?, Machine Tractable Dictionaries: Design and Construction: ed C-M Guo, 1995, 65--74

A M Ramsay: Focus on ``Only", and ``Not", Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-94): ed Y Wilks, 1994, 881-885

A M Ramsay: The co-operative lexicon, 1st International Workshop on Computational Semantics I: ed H C Bunt, 1994, 171--180

A M Ramsay: Meanings as Constraints on Information States, Constraints, Language and Computation: ed C J Rupp and M A Rosner and R L Johnson, 1994, 249--276

A M Ramsay: Topicalisation and attachment preferences, AI and Cognitive Science 91: ed Sorensen, Humphrey, 1993, 190-198

A M Ramsay: Generic plural NPs and habitual VPs, Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING-92): 1992, 226-231

A M Ramsay: Presuppositions and WH-clauses, Journal of Semantics: 1992, 251--286

A M Ramsay: Generating relevant models, Journal of Automated Reasoning: 1991, 359--368

A M Ramsay: A common framework for analysis and generation, Fifth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL-91): 1991, 309--311

A M Ramsay: Presuppositions and WH-clauses, Workshop on Constraint Propagation, Linguistic Description and Computational: 1991, 125--160

A M Ramsay: Disjunction without tears, Computational Linguistics: 1990, 171--174

A M Ramsay: Speech acts and epistemic planning, Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications (AIMSA-IV): 1990, 351--360

A M Ramsay: Extended graph unification, Fourth Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL 89): 1989, 212--216

A M Ramsay: The Semantics of WH-clauses, 2nd Irish Conference on AI and Cognitive Science: 1989, 329--350

A M Ramsay: WH-questions and Intensional Logic, Recent Developments and Applications of Natural Language Processing: ed J Peckham, 1989,

A M Ramsay: Epistemic reasoning without possible worlds, Primo Congresso della Associazione Italiana per l'Intelligenza Artificiale: 1989, 258--266

A M Ramsay: Embedding Very High Level Languages in POP-11, POP-11 Comes of Age: the advancement of an AI programming language: ed J Anderson, 1989,

A M Ramsay: Knowing that and knowing what, Advances in Artificial Intelligence (Proceedings of the 1987 Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour Conference: AISB-87): ed J Hallam and C Mellish, 1987, 279--290

A M Ramsay: Embedding Very High Level Languages, AI Programming Environments: ed R Hawley, 1987,

A M Ramsay: Effective parsing with Generalised Phrase Structure Grammar, Second Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL 85): 1985, 57--61

A M Ramsay: Understanding English descriptions of programs, AISB/GI Conference: 1980, 5 pages

A M Ramsay: Parsing English text, AISB/GI Conference: 1980, 5 pages

REFERENCE ARTICLES

A M Ramsay: AI in Linguistics, The Linguistic Encyclopaedia: ed K Malmkjaer, 1991 (updated 2001), 28-38

A M Ramsay: From computational linguistics to natural language engineering, The Routledge Encyclopedia of Linguistics: ed K Malmkjaer, 2009, 68-98

A M Ramsay: Speech acts and Artificial Intelligence planning theory, Encyclopaedia of Language & Linguistics: 2005,

A M Ramsay: Natural Language Understanding, Encyclopaedia of Language & Linguistics: 2005,

A M Ramsay: Discourse, Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics: ed R Mitkov, 2003,

A M Ramsay: Formal approaches to semantics and pragmatics, Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science: 2002,

A M Ramsay: Prospects for Natural Language Processing, Prospects for Artificial Intelligence: ed A Sloman and D Hogg and A M Ramsay, 1993, 33-48

A M Ramsay: Computer-aided Syntactic Description of Language Systems, The Handbook of Computational Linguistics: ed I S Batori and W Lenders and W Putschke, 1989,

A M Ramsay: Natural Language Processing, Artificial Intelligence: principles, applications and implications: ed M Yazdani, 1986,