List of Trees and Shrubs in Olav's Wood
This is a list of the trees and shrubs which have been planted in Olav's Wood over the years. The list is based on an original provided by Olav Dennison.
An asterix (*) indicates a species which is possibly an Orkney native. Evidence is from pollen analysis as well as current distributions. However, native status here is often unclear.
- Sycamore (Acer pseudoplatanus)
- Perhaps the commonest tree in Orkney, but believed not to be native to Britain.
- Norway Maple (Acer platanoides)
- Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum)
- Alder (Alnus glutinosa) *
- Red (or Grey) Alder (Alnus sp.)
- Birch, both Downy Birch (Betula pubescens) * and
- Silver Birch (Betula pendula)
- Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus)
- Spanish Chestnut (Castanea sativa)
- Hazel (Corylus avellana) *
- Corkscrew Hazel (Corylus avellana 'Contorta')
- Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) with variable leaf shapes,
- including very reduced forms
- Beech (Fagus sylvatica)
- Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) *
- Griselinia littoralis, 'Kapuka' -- a New Zealand species.
- Holly (Ilex aquifolium) *
- Walnut (Juglans regia)
- Apples, including fruit trees and crab apples (Malus sp.)
- Nothofagus dombeyi
- 'Ciogue'. One of the 'Southern beeches' of southern South America.
- Nothofagus alpina (= N. procera)
- 'Rauli'. From Chile.
- Nothofagus antarctica
- 'Nire'. From southern South America.
- Nothofagus betuloides
- 'Guido Beech'. From southern South America.
- White Poplar (Populus alba)
- Aspens, both the Eurasian Aspen (Populus tremula) * and the American Aspen (Populus tremuloides)
- Various Poplars and hybrids, inc Cottonwoods and Balsam Poplars (Populus spp.)
- Gean (Prunus avium) Wild cherry - possibly British native.
- Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) British native.
- Oak *, both British species Quercus robur and Q. petraea
- A range of willow species (Salix sp.) and hybrids have been planted,
- both UK native and exotic.
- Elder (Sambucus nigra)
- Whitebeam (Sorbus aria?)
- Rowan (Sorbus aucuparia) *
- Swedish Whitebeam (Sorbus intermedia)
- Lime (Tilia sp.)
- Wych Elm (Ulmus glabra)
- Monkey-puzzle (Araucaria araucana)
- Yew (Taxus baccata)
- Noble Fir (Abies procera)
- From the Cascade Mountains, USA.
- Korean Fir (Abies koreana) A beautiful tree, bearing cones here.
- Larch (Larix sp.)
- Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis)
- From western North America. The plantation softwood.
- Extensively planted here.
- Norway Spruce (Picea abies)
- Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
- From western North America.
- Thuja sp.
- Lawson's Cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)
- From western USA.
- Cedar (Cedrus sp.)
- Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)
- From the mountains of western North America.
- Extensively planted here.
- Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica)
- Appears to be the Japanese form, rather than the Chinese form.
- Monterey Cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
- Native to Monterey (California) and Guadalupe only.
- Ginkgo biloba
- Native to China - possibly no truly wild populations exist.
- Struggling here.
- Olearia macrodonta
- 'New Zealand Holly' - not a holly, but a "daisy bush".
- Olearia `Henry Travers' (sometimes known as Olearia semidentata)
- Lanceolate, silvery leaves.
- Olearia traversii
- From Chatham Islands (South Pacific).
- A range of cotoneasters, including the splendid Cotoneaster bullatus,
- a deciduous cotoneaster from China, with good foliage and berries
- and also autumn colours.
- Lomatia sp.
- A relative of the Proteas. Genus is from South America and Australia.
- Philadelphus sp.
- Crinodendron hookerianum
- 'Red Lantern tree'. From Chile.
- Various roses, including Japanese Rose (Rosa rugosa), extensive areas - white- and pink-flowered forms.
- Fuchsia magellanica - several colour forms
- Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)
- Twinberry (Lonicera involucrata)
- Shrubby Honeysuckle (Lonicera nitida)
- Flowering Quince (Chaenomeles sp.)
- Salmonberry (Rubus spectabilis). A woody, pink-flowered bramble, with orange to red fruits, from
- western North America. In large patches here and tending to become invasive.
- Snowberry (Symphoricarpus albus)
- Flowering Currant (Ribes sanguineum)
- Telopea truncata (Tasmanian waratah) Experimental planting.
In addition, the woodland contains privet, bamboo (in Sasa group), Rhododendron, Escallonia, various Hebe,
Broom, various Prunus, Currants (including Blackcurrants), Gooseberry, Hypericum, Weigela, shrubby
Potentilla and Dogwood (Cornus sp.).
Elecampane (Inula helenium), a giant herb, splendid with its large, bright yellow, daisy-like flowers, is planted on higher ground.